andie.org.uk

A UK domain abroad

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Herzlich willkommen!

This is the personal webpage of Andie Gilmour.

I am a seasoned IT professional who together with my partner and cats upped sticks from the UK in 2008 and moved to live just north of Berlin.

Why did we make such a momentous move? Surely we must have been crazy? As the traditional song goes: Du Bist Verrückt, mein Kind, du musst nach Berlin, wo die Verrückten sind!

Well yes, we were crazy - crazy about Berlin. There is no city like it, and Land Brandenburg around it is also a beautiful thing.

On this page I have incorporated the most recent posts from my blog, which has chronicalled our move to Berlin and our lives and discoveries since. I hope you read it and can share with us our love for this crazy place.

Alternatively, you can subscribe to the Best of das Blog newsletter and get a periodic digest of the best monthly posts sent direct to your email box!

 

Freundliche Grüße!

Andie Gilmour

 

das Blog

A blog by Andie Gilmour about two Brits & four cats moving to Berlin and living at the heart of Europe. With advice on surviving in Germany, and where to visit and especially photograph. Plus occasional blogs about music, food, and films.

The F60 Abraumförderbrücke Revisited

Whilst cycling around Niederlausitz on the way to Finsterwalde, we called in at the Besucherwerk (visitor's mine) Lichterfeld to see again the awesomely gigantic Abraumförderbrücke (overburden conveyor bridge) F60.

I have blogged about this titanic brown-coal digging machine previously, but as we were passing, we thought we'd call in again. Entrance for just the visitor exhibition and cafe and a good view of the F60 (but not the guided tour) is 2€ by the way, plus they let us take our cycles into the area.

The F60 is a machine that excavates open-cast lignite or brown coal  (in German die Braunkohle) mines. There are two multi-bucket excavators on one end of the 'bridge' (see photo below), one cutting up, the other cutting down. They are removing layer by layer the earth that is covering up the seam of lignite underlying the land. The excavated waste or overburden (Abraum) is conveyed (Förder) on a bridge (Brücke) over the wide trench of earth already excavated, and deposited on the other side of the trench where the lignite has been extracted.

In the photo below, the bridge moves left to right shaving away at an earth-bank (imagine it), then inching forward (away from you) and shaving a bit more off. Though this 'shave' is the equivalent volume of a football pitch covered with soil to the depth of 7-8 metres per hour.

F60
This beast of East German engineering is 502m long, 80m to the highest point, and 240m wide. It is named the F60 because it has a cutting height of 60m. The Eiffel Tower is 301m high, so even the F60's nickname of Der liegende Eiffelturm der Lausitz (the horizontal Eiffel Tower of Lusatia) does it a disservice.

F60

The above photo shows the arms from which the soil is dumped, whilst the photo below shows the main conveyor belt which carries all the earth. If you go on the guided tour, you get to walk along there, which is great fun unless you don't have a head for heights like me.

F60
The whole machine is moved along, parallel to the earth-face being cut out, on railtracks. The photo below shows the locomotive 'foot' that the 'earth sprayer' sits on. At the other end, where two multi-bucket diggers carve into the land, there are two railway tracks and multiple 'feet'. The machine edges forwards on the tracks at a breath-taking speed of 13 metres per minute. But as the machine weighs 13,600 tonnes that's not surprising.

F60

Below is a snap-shot of a clump of birdsfoot trefoil (in German, Gewöhnlicher Hornklee in Latin, Lotus corniculatus) with the F60 in the background. This grows abundantly on the wasteland around here, suggesting that at one time the land was farmed before it was given over to mining. In fact, numerous villages have disappeared from the map as the inhabitants were moved out and the F60's moved in. It's nice to see that at least the flowers are reclaiming their land.

F60

There are five F60's in the world, and the other four are still in operation. The F60's are said to be the largest movable technical industrial machines in the world. I think that they also work as stunning industrial sculptures, like they are representations of wire-frame dinosaurs or the framework for alien spacecraft.

F60
There is a small visitor's centre, and a cafe of sorts, in the grey metal building where the miners used to change into their work gear and take their breaks. On the side of the building is written Glück Auf! which is the German miners' greeting, meaning something like 'good luck!'. It is a greeting that dates back to at least the 16th century, and is said to derive from the phrase 'Ich wünsche Dir Glück, tu einen neuen Gang auf!' (I wish you good luck in opening a new lode of ore).

F60

An information board shows you how the F60 operates. Click the photo to see it at a readable size.

Key words are:

die Gleisanlage  - rail track
der Eimerkettenbagger - chain-and-bucket excavator
der Abraumbagger - overburden excavator
der Kohlebagger -  coal excavator
der Schaufelradbagger - bucket-wheel excavator
die Kippe - disposal area
die Abbaurichtung - direction of mining
der Tagebau - opencast pit or strip mine
der Hochschnitt - the cut above ground level
der Tiefschnitt - the cut below ground level
das Kohleflöz - coal seam
die Kohlebandanlage - coal conveyor belt
and of course die Abraumförderbrücke - the excavated mine waste conveyor bridge

If you memorise that list, I think you could come up with an interesting conversation for your GCSE German Oral Exam.


F60

We came across the kind of devastation these machines cause at Tagebau Cottbus-Nord. This 'moonscape' was created with a type F34 Abraumförderbrücke, a mere baby beside the F60 with a cutting height of only 34m. Below is a photo I took of the opencast pit:


On the one hand, this is clearly environmentally catastrophic. You couldn't come up with a better illustration of mankind raping the Earth in the greedy pursuit of fossil fuels. Apart from the devastation to the plant and wildlife, you have to remember that villages and farms and their inhabitants have been forceably removed to make way for the opencast mines. This in an area with a high Sorbian residency, and the Sorb people have always had a bad deal from their German neighbours.

On the other hand, lignite (brown coal) accounts for around 25% of Germany's energy usage. Germany has a policy of phasing out nuclear power, and also gets most of its liquid gas from Russia, so until renewables can fill the energy gap, lignite is going to have to be mined to keep the lights on. Plus, after cycling around 'The Lusatian Lake District' (die Lausitzer Seenlandschaft) - an area that was once opencast mining pits, now transformed into an environmentally diverse and beautiful landscape - you can't but admire what a good job Germans have done at cleaning up the mess. In terms of the timescale of the land, the disruption caused by opencast mining is a mere blink of the eyelids.

I don't know where the balance lies, but I do know that the F60 machines sure are impressive; awesome, strangely scarey, able to make you feel small and insignificant, and a testament to humanity's technological power over Nature. Well worth the detour on our cycle around Niederlausitz.

Posted on 21 August 2014 | 2:03 am

Sunflowers and Honey Bees - Sonnenblumen und Honigbienen

Nothing says Summer to me more than bright, yellow and orange sunflowers, and honey bees and bumble bees buzzing around a cottage garden.

Here are a collection of photos of both. I took them today whilst on a cycle along the Panoramaweg Werderobst around Werder an der Havel, SW of Berlin in beautiful Brandenburg.

Sunflowers and Honey Bees - Sonnenblumen und Hongibienen

Sunflowers and Honey Bees - Sonnenblumen und Hongibienen

Sunflowers and Honey Bees - Sonnenblumen und Hongibienen

Sunflowers and Honey Bees - Sonnenblumen und Hongibienen

Sunflowers and Honey Bees - Sonnenblumen und Hongibienen

Sunflowers and Honey Bees - Sonnenblumen und Hongibienen

Sunflowers and Honey Bees - Sonnenblumen und Hongibienen

Sunflowers and Honey Bees - Sonnenblumen und Hongibienen

Sunflowers and Honey Bees - Sonnenblumen und Hongibienen

Posted on 10 August 2014 | 11:59 am

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